2011), Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, Russian Federation: Forest share estimates based on AVHRR NOAA satellite data of 1996-1998 (Figure 2, Schuck et al. Denmark's Statistics, June 2002. http://www.dst.dk/publikation.aspx?cid=3132, Tercer Inventario Forestal Nacional 1997-2007. EU27, AL, BA, CH, HR, ME, MK, NO, RS, TR: Forest/non-forest map 2006 (beta version) prepared by the EC Joint Research Centre, aggregated to 1km resolution. Remaining forest in Central Europe today is not generally considered natural forest, but rather a cultural landscape created over thousands of years which consists almost exclusively of replacement communities. Forest bio-based economy in Europe. The degree of hemeroby(human i… A wide variety of boreal, temperate and sub-tropical forest types are represented, as well as tundra and montane formations. As a result, Sweden has the most forest cover of any European country. Tropical Deciduous Forest 3. Countries. State of Europe's Forests country statistics 2011 (PDF file). Such areas were automatically assigned a 0 value. Most tropical f… Europe is the sixth largest continent, but it has the largest forest cover with over 1,015 million hectares. These crazy trees definitely deserve a spot on the list of weirdest trees on earth. Wallony: Walloon Forest Inventory 1994-2004, http://environnement.wallonie.be/; EFISCEN database, http://www.efi.int/portal/virtual_library/databases/efiscen/inventory_database/, WSL, Schweizerisches Landesforestinventar, LFI 3, 2004/2006 (Third Swiss forest inventory), http://www.lfi.ch/resultate/anleitung-en.php, Results of the national forest inventory in the Czech Republic 2001 - 2004, http://www.uhul.cz/en/il/NIL_AJ.pdf, Zweite Deutsche Bundeswaldinventur (BWI 2). Although Russia has the largest forest cover in the world, extensive coverage of its forest lies within the Asian continent. Ergebnisse der Österreichischen Waldinventur 2000-2002. See a Eastern Europe forests map. Decomposition happens at an incredibly fast rate in these forests, thanks to the high te… 2001), National forest inventory statistics (Table 1) The satellite-based forest cover data was first calibrated to sum up to the forest area statistics within a given administrative region. Species‐rich Mediterranean forest types (i.e., FT8, FT9 and FT10) were particularly scarce in our map (Supporting Information Figures S2 and S3). European Forest Types North Europe Central-West Central-East South-East Range Species poor EFT; Denmark Estonia Lithuania Sweden Switzerland Czech Rep. Hungary Slovakia Croatia Slovenia; 1. Germany has large coal reserves, as well as nickel and lignite (or brown coal, similar to peat). Farming and forestry remain crucial for land use and the management This type of forest is mainly found in the Northern hemisphere. PDF document, This figure actually represents a 31% decrease compared to the average number of wildfires in the last decade (18,923), and a 15% decrease compared to 2015. temperate deciduous forest 5. These older maps (coniferous and broadleaved forest) can be accessed through the same link above. Various sources of data were used to compile the map according to the availability of data: 1) Recent national forest inventory (NFI) statistics on forest area were used at the sub-national level for 19 European countries, including the European part of the Russian Federation (Table 1). 2003/231. The oldest evidence of human and forest interaction in Central Europe is the use of hand axes about 500 thousand years ago. Portugalhas recorded one of the highest numbers of wildfires in Europe since 1993. Meetnet functievervulling bos. Types of Forests - There are basically 3 types of forests that are briefly described below - Evergreen Forests, Deciduous Forest and Coniferous forest. This second calibration slightly changed the results of the previous regional-level calibration if there were differences between NFI statistics and Forest Europe 2011 data. Finland, Sweden and Slovakia top … This article is a list of European countries by forest area. 7 forests in Europe you can reach by train: Black Forest, Germany. Portugal had the highest number of forest fires in Europe in 2016, with a total of 13,261 fires. 2) In addition, country-level statistics on forest area published by Forest Europe 2011 were applied for all countries covered by the map. Besides geographical Europe, the map covers also Turkey. 2002 / Päivinen et al. This process is repeated until the difference between forest area in map and statistics falls below a specified threshold (0.05%). BFW Wien, Austria. Tropical rain forests grow around the equator in South America, Africa, and Southeast Asia. This website has limited functionality with javascript off. These trees are exactly suited to the harsh, frosty weather that these types of forests face. Percentage data was calculated using information from the CIA's World Factbook 2011. Please go to the registration page if you would like to get access to the GIS layer and high resolution image of the forest map. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest: 27: 5: 36: 17: 14: 18 – 22: 38: 11: 5: 38 3. These fires destroyed more than 10% of the country's forests and caused 18 deaths in 2003. (1) To analyse attitudes and constraints of different forest owner types in Europe and the ongoing changes (2) To explore innovative management approaches for new forest owner types (3) To study effective policy instruments with a comparative analysis approach Russian Federation) were adjusted to the internationally harmonized statistics by Forest Europe 2011 at national level, to allow for comparability between the countries. Get info about forests in Eastern Europe. All pixel values in the respective regions are then multiplied by this ratio. Figure 3 demonstrates the spatial level of detail for the applied statistics. 2001, Figure 2) have been used to extend the map up to the Ural mountains, namely covering Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, European part of the Russian Federation. 9.44 MB (9894374 bytes), Classification of the ICP Forests Level 1 plots with respect to main categories of the European Forest Types, Carbon dioxide emissions from Europe's heavy-duty vehicles, Sign up to receive our news notifications, https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/technical_report_2006_9, European Environment Information and Observation Network (Eionet), Biodiversity Information System for Europe, European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register, Information Platform for Chemical Monitoring, Marine Water Information System for Europe, Fresh Water Information System for Europe. EEA Web Team, Software updated on The EEA Web CMS works best with following browsers: Internet Explorer is not recommended for the CMS area. For more background information on the quality of the input maps please refer to Kempeneer et al. Expertisecentrum LNV, Ministerie van landbouw, natuur en voedselkwaliteit, Ede. European forests: an ecological overview. Enter the password to open this PDF file: Order a printed copy on the EU Publications website. EEA Plone KGS 20.11.21. Note: There is an earlier version of the forest map available that includes maps on coniferous and broadleaved forest in Europe. Forest Europe is still the main political initiative on forests at pan-European level. http://www.bundeswaldinventur.de, Skove og Plantager 2000. It is also found in some areas of southern South America and Australasia, the regions of East Asia, Europe, and North America. This technical chapter is mainly designed to provide readers with specific interest in this issue with updated figures on the major differences between current and potential forest vegetation in Europe. Data Copernicus Land Monitoring Service - High Resolution Layers - Forests The high resolution forest product consists of 3 types of (status) products, and additional change products. Otzarreta Forest, Spain. Boreal forest – 25 – 15 – – – – – – 15: 25: X: 2. We are working on a new updated version of these maps. The natural resources of northern Europe are largely in metals such as bauxite (to make aluminum), copper and iron ore. Skogsstatistisk årsbok 2009 (Swedish Statistical Yearbook of Forestry 2009), Skogsstyrelsen (Swedish Forest Agency), Jönköping 2009. Apart from storing carbon and providing oxygen, forests are home to thousands of animal and plant species. Still, the overall distribution of forest area between the different regions in a country (as stated in NFI statistics) remained the same also after the country-level calibration. United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre divides the World's Forest into 26 major types, which reflect climatic zones as well as the principal types of Trees. Forest Type # 1. Data fusion of different spatial resolution remote sensing images applied to forest type mapping, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 49(12): 4977-4986. EU27, AL, BA, CH, HR, ME, MK, NO, RS, TR: Forest/non-forest map 2006 (beta version) prepared by the EC Joint Research Centre, aggregated to 1km resolution. Skog & Landskap (Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute): Forest inventory statistics, http://www.skogoglandskap.no/temaer/statistikk_fra_landsskogstakseringen. tropical deciduous forest 3. The temperature is stable year-round, around 27°C (60° Fahrenheit). As you can tell from the name, it rains a lot in these forests. 23 November 2020 18:51 Statistical data on forest area and its distribution for different forest classes are traditionally available through national forest inventory statistics and other national and international forest statistical sources. Katja Gunia, Jo Van Brusselen, Risto Päivinen, Sergey Zudin, Elena Zudina. It applies a previously developed calibration method to produce a comprehensive and complete European map on forest area at 1 x 1 kilometre resolution. forests by potential forest types are presented. However, at the local level the map might differ from the real situation due to uncertainties in the applied remote sensing products and the changes introduced by the calibration procedure. Northern hemisphere includes trees like oak, maple, elm in this deciduous forest. (2002) was implemented to exclude areas considered above the timberline from the calibration process (Figure 4). 2011 and Schuck et al. MFV 2002. A published report in 2013 “Mapping the distribution of forest ownership in Europe” by Pamela Pulla, Andreas Schuck, Pieter Johannes Verkerk, Bruno Lasserre, Marco Marchetti and Tim Green contributes to a better knowledge of forest ownership … Alpine forest – – – 100: … 4. The map below is based on data by the European Space Agency (the CCI project). Here in Europe, these forests are an extremely rare reminder of the past, living ancestors of the once great forests that covered much of Europe. Engineered by: Ministerio de Medio Ambiente. Tip: See my list of the Most Common Mistakes in English.It will teach you how to avoid mis­takes with com­mas, pre­pos­i­tions, ir­reg­u­lar verbs, and much more. Temperate Broad-leaved Deciduous and Mixed Forest 5. The calibration iteratively adjusts the pixel values in a region to sum up with the statistics while keeping the forest share per pixel below the maximum possible limit of 100%. Forest resources in Europe: an integrated perspective on ecosystem services, disturbances and threats. View this post on Instagram. Direccão-Geral das Florestas, Lisboa 2001. 2002, Päivinen et al. Located in the Basque Country in Spain, Otzarreta Forest is a beautiful part of Gorbea Natural Park. Discussions are under way on a legally binding agreement on forest management and sustainable use. Table 1: Overview of applied national forest inventory statistics with data at sub-national level (administrative regions). Uncertainties are higher for Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova and Russia, since the input map used for these areas is of much lower resolution (1000m) than the one used for the rest of Europe (25m). Mediterranean Forests 4. In a second run, all European countries (excl. European forest classifications. 2001) have been combined with statistical data to produce a new pan-European forest map at 1km resolution that corresponds to the official forest inventory statistics at national and/or regional level. A European timberline mask compiled by Schuck et al. Please make sure javascript is enabled in your browser. The EU also participates in numerous international activities relating to forests (in particular the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). The UK had the second-lowest forest cover in Europe in 2010 - similar to the Republic of Moldava, Ireland, and the Nederlands. EU forests are exceptionally diverse, with a large variety of forest types, characteristics and ownership structures. Present in parts of Asia, Canada, US and Europe, these include the northern boreal forest and the temperate coniferous forest which are situated in the comparatively high altitude areas. Europe's 1 million hectares of forests comprise 27 percent of the world's total forested area and cover 45 percent of the European landscape. The combined forest cover map shows the %share of forest in each 1x1km-pixel, but differs from official statistics which was tackled in the next step. The European Union has close to 182 million hectares of forests covering 43% of its land area and these forest areas are one of Europe's most important renewable resources. The EFI Technical Report No. They don’t experience winter and normally receive 100 inches of rain annually. http://www.mma.es/portal/secciones/biodiversidad/montes_politica_forestal/estadisticas_forestal/estructura_forestal_2007.htm, Metsätilastollinen vuosikirja (Finnish Statistical Yearbook of Forestry). Based on IRS-P6 LISS-III, SPOT4 (HRVIR) and SPOT5 HRG satellite data of 2006 (Figure 1, Kempeneers et al. Read traveler reviews, browse photos, and book Eastern Europe forest tours. The calibration achieves an overall fit of the map with the statistics at regional and country level, i.e. Coniferous Forest. (2002). Warm Temperate Broad-leaved Deciduous Forest 6. Two new experimental tools have been introduced in the framework of the «State of Forests and Sustainable Forest Management in Europe 2011»: (i) pilot reporting by 14 classes of European Forest Types (EFTs) for a selection of quantitative SFM indicators; (ii) key parameters for monitoring progress for all quantitative indicators. Some northern European countries such as Denmark have some reserves of petroleum and natural gas. Researchers from European Forest Institute (EFI) prepared, for the first time, the visualisation of the ownership distribution in Europe. NOAA-AVHRR forest share estimates at 1km resolution (Schuck et al. Forestry in Europe Forest objectives of the European Union Some 56 % of the population in the 27 Member States of the European Union (EU) live in rural areas, which cover 91 % of the overall territory; as such, rural development is an important policy area. temperate evergreen forest 4. Kempeneers, P., Sedano, F., Seebach, L., Strobl, P., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J. Dirkse, G.M., Daamen, W.P., Schoonderwoerd, H., Paasman, J.M., 2003. Based on IRS-P6 LISS-III, SPOT4 (HRVIR) and SPOT5 HRG satellite data of 2006 (Figure 1, Kempeneers et al. Every forest area in Liechtenstein has a purpose within a framework of the National Forest Inventory, and which recognises forest ecosystems meeting the needs of wild nature, recreation, wood production, and a protective function for forest that is common across continental Europe (9). If you have forgotten your password, They are based on AVHRR-NOAA satellite data (1996-1998) and were calibrated to older statistics (TBFRA 2000 country statistics, national forest inventory statistics). 2011) is based on IRS and SPOT data and covers the EU27 countries + Norway, Switzerland, Turkey and the Balkan area. An image of the final calibrated map is presented below. when summing up all forest area in a country the result corresponds to the respective statistics. Two different earth-observation products (Kempeneers et al. The forest biome is one of the most important terrestrial ecosystems on our planet. from version 20.10.13, Software version: Tropical rainforests boast the great diversity of species of all ecosystems on earth. Sergey.Zudin(at)efi.int, Simo.Varis(at)efi.int, Resilient landscapes to face catastrophic forest fires, Wood production maps for European forests, forest/non-forest map of the EC Joint Research Centre, Päivinen, R., Lehikoinen, M., Schuck, A., Häme, T., Väätäinen, S., Kennedy, P., Folving, S., 2001, Schuck, A., Van Brusselen, J., Päivinen, R., Häme, T., Kennedy, P.and Folving, S. 2002, Bundesforschungs- und Ausbildungszentrum fuer Wald, Naturgefahren und Landschaft. National Inventory of Woodland and Trees, http://www.forestry.gov.uk/website/forestry.nsf/byunique/infd-86xc6c, Federal Forestry Agency Moscow, official forest statistics for 2011. Inventário florestal nacional Portugal continental, 3. revisão, 1995-1998. Do something for our planet, print this page only if needed. The six types of forest are: 1. Montane ‘Cloud’ Forests It was aggregated from 25m resolution to 1km by summing up the forest area for each 1x1km pixel (Figure 1). They have the highest species diversity per area in the world, containing millions of different species. Even a small action can make an enormous difference when millions of people do it! The map can be accessed free of charge after completing a simple registration process. Rapport EC-LNV nr. In a first calibration run, the 19 countries with available NFI statistics (incl. 2002 / Päivinen et al. The total a… Germany’s Black Forest is perhaps central Europe’s most famous forest. The temperate deciduous forest is also called temperate broad-leaf forest. Het Nederlandse bos 2001-2002. Even though they cover only a small part of the earth, they house at least one half of all species. Tropical evergreen forest 2. Scandinavia is relatively rich in oil and natural gas, and is a major fishing center. The low share of primary forest in Western Europe was expected considering the historically high population density, and long history of land use, especially in the Mediterranean (Jepsen et al., 2015). For references, please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/technical_report_2006_9 or scan the QR code. http://web.bfw.ac.at/i7/oewi.oewi0002, 1994-2004 (Wallony), 1997-1999 (Flanders). European Forest Types: tree species matrix. The EEA is an agency of the European Union, — This is achieved by first determining the ratio between the forest area in the map and in the statistics for each region. Equatorial Moist Evergreen or Rainforest 2. The utilized forest/non-forest map of the EC Joint Research Centre (Kempeneers et al. A post shared by Arthur Litau (@arthurlitau) on Oct 3, 2018 at 11:15pm PDT. The tropical rainforests are found between latitudes 23.5o N and 23.5o S. The temperatures in these forests range between 68o and 77o Fahrenheit throughout the year. (2011) and Schuck et al. Finally all pixels exceeding a forest share of 100% after multiplication, are set back to a value of 100. The ancient trees, mixed with the foggy atmosphere, gives this forest a mystical, kind of creepy air. 1. The main aim of the project targets at utilising most effectively both Earth Observation data and recent forest statistical information. Past forests of Europe The Finnish Forest Research Institute, http://www.metla.fi/julkaisut/metsatilastollinenvsk/index-en.htm, Inventaire Forestier National 2005-2008. http://www.ifn.fr/spip, Inventario Forestale Nazionale 2006. http://www.sian.it/inventarioforestale/jsp/home.jsp. Earth Observation data are regarded as a cost-efficient means for locating different types of vegetation cover at the ground level. Historical and contemporary human activity has profoundly influenced the composition of forests in the densely populated region of Central Europe. 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