3. Hardy Kiwi are often used as a screen or shade vine because of their ability to create a dense cover of 3 to 5 inch, glossy dark green leaves on long red vines Growing Requirements for Kiwi Plants Kiwi vines thrive in full sun or light shade. Train in a pair of shoots to grow along each horizontal wire. The first step to pruning overgrown kiwi vines is to remove all of the branches that wind around the kiwi trellis. Gently direct the main vine to the top of the T. Attach vines to … I’m currently at the limit of planting in my small 1/8th acre, if something new goes in, something else must be removed to make room. Change ), Brief Autumn Update…Persimmons, Jujubes, Cider, & More, Cider Rant & Review: Adam’s by Shepard’s Hard Cyder, Ecological Renovation & Management of Apple Orchards. Not to go on a tangent, but really its folks like Mike Levine, Ken Asmus, Marc Boone, and so many others who have made this path of fruit exploration so much more accessible for me as a young orchardist, and for that I’m very thankful. Lee Reich is one of the upmost authorities on uncommon fruits and has a lot to say about hardy kiwi. You’ll need at least two 4- to 6-inch diameter posts, installed so that you have 6 feet of post above ground. The hardy kiwi vines used for landscape purposes include Actinidia arguta and one variety of Actinidia kolomikta, named 'Arctic Beauty'. Visit the nursery links page to find sources for hardy kiwi plants. Anyways…Actinidia! Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. I’ll be busy dreaming of jars and jars full of kiwi raisins stored away for winter snacking…until next time!! Kiwi is preferably planted in spring, especially in regions with harsh and cold winter weather. Kiwi pruning and training begins when you plant the vine. (Cat was there, but not a lot of help.) Cut the vines … Remove any side growth on trunk below the two main branches. Kiwi is a vigorous vine that quickly grows out of control if not grown on a solid supporting structure and pruned regularly. Hardy kiwi vine refers to one of two plant species within the Actinidia genus, which also includes the plant that produces the delicious kiwifruit sold in grocery stores (Actinidia deliciosa). If soil is poor, mix in a slow-release organic fertilizer to get young plants off to a strong start. Head the flowering arms back to new growth, originating close to the leader. Set vines in spring. Fruit of hardy kiwi are best when ripened on the vine to maximize development of aroma and flavor; however, shelf life then is shortened. If the vine didn’t form good side branches at the top, cut the main trunk back by about 2 feet and try again next year. Kiwi vines need annual pruning to develop small fruiting branches known as spurs. Cut out the top of the vine a few inches below the top of the post and encourage side shoots that grow laterally along the wires. In addition to kiwi pruning, your vines will require additional kiwi plant care. I am no expert in this field, or vineyard as it were, but I do know people that are so I’ll use this time to plug their expertise. Generally speaking, vining plants inherently want to just grow, grow, grow, and focus most of their energy into vegetative growth rather than flower and fruit development; so as caretakers of the vines there are certain ways we can coax the vines into instead thinking fruit, fruit, fruit. Prune heavily each spring removing up to 70 percent of the vines. I am fairly local, Saint Clair Shores, Mi, and I’d be happy to let you come out and see producing kiwi vines (though I freely admit that I do not prune well, or often). ( Log Out /  If you feel plants are off-color, use an organic liquid fertilizer. When pruning a mature vine, remove about 70 percent of the wood that grew last season. Winter is the best time for pruning kiwi vine side branches along the wires. GGVideos editor Charlie Nardozzi says: Basics on pruning established hardy kiwi vines. In my travels I’ve seen many large healthy looking kiwi vines, but often times their productivity is very low. Loosen soil and amend with compost before planting. Vines that bloom early but produce fruit, such as kiwi and passionfruit, should be pruned in the early spring before flowering to avoid losing your fruit crop. Thanks Solara, if we ever want to it’d be a good idea to share each others posts on our own websites. Now I realize that these plants weren’t managed under a careful annual pruning regime. After the first year, focus on building strong lateral growth along the wires. Caring For Hardy Kiwi Plants. Mike Levine of Nature and Nurture, LLC has been growing hardy kiwi for several years in SE Michigan and he is one of the few people I know around here with such a successful system. Check out his book Uncommon Fruits for Every Garden to find more on hardy kiwi. Later in the summer, kiwi plants begin to grow vigorously and require more pruning to keep them from becoming a tangled mess. Top each post with a cross bar about 5 feet long. Fast-growing, this Kiwi Vine requires much less pruning than the species due to its limited growth habit. So you can just pop ’em in your mouth whole, and their flavor is truly exquisite; many people, including myself, claim they have much better aromatics, sweetness, and overall flavor than the fuzzy kiwi. I am so excited for the day that my vines come into production. 1. A good trellis for a kiwi vine is an essential part of kiwi plant care. Maintenance Pruning Kiwifruit. The large leaf mass is heavy and vines can easily become a tangled mess if not properly pruned and trained. I’ve done reposts like that before with a few other folks and it seems like a good way to expand the network and find-ability of the info! Now I realize that these plants … Training & pruning kiwi vines on a t-bar trellis All kiwi vines need strong support since they can produce 50 - 100 pounds of fruit each year! Cut them back to a point where the stems are about 1/4-inch in diameter. Kiwi plants are sensitive to fertilizers, so use them in small amounts. Most of the wood removed is older wood that already has fruited. There is oodles of information available on the web about hardy kiwi and the purpose of this post was to primarily talk about the training and pruning techniques necessary for growing productive vines. 2. Actinidia is the genus for kiwi, the fuzzy kiwi that we all know so well is A. deliciosa, but unknown to most are A. arguta and A. kolomkita, two kiwi species that are reportedly hardy to -25F. Remove damaged, dead or crossing limbs. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Out of all the uncommon fruits, like pawpaw, black currant, and jujube, to name a few— hardy kiwi seems like one that really has the potential to catch on and to be sought after by the likes of many, not just foody fruitnuts with crazy palates. Also remove watersprouts (vigorous shoots originating from older wood) and shoots from the trunk, as well as vines that become entangled. A proper … Remove all side branches until the vine reaches the top of the post. Harvest dates given below are based on sugar levels of 10 to 14 °Brix. Water deeply in the absence of rain, and allow the soil around the crown to dry out before watering again. 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