[+Ceri Dean, Elizabeth Hubbell, Howard Pitler & BJ Stone. Hattie's High Impact Strategies) + blended learning approaches. Classroom Instruction That Works. asking students to discover general principles from observing particular situations). We are cautioned against using a narrow range or list of strategies. The HITS are 10 instructional practices that reliably increase student learning wherever they are applied. In addition, have kids present material attained from group work. In contexts with high social capital, educator relationships are characterized by frequent interaction, collaboration, and trust, resulting in positive student outcomes (Leana, 2011). Resilience Training; Positive Education Hattie highlighted the reciprocal nature of the link between self-efficacy and achievement. They emerge from the findings of tens of thousands of studies of what has worked in classrooms across Australia and the world. The Highly Engaged Classroom. He believes that assisting teachers to adopt evidence-based education is the best way to make this happen. Teachers should use whatever tool, strategy, or instructional method that works for each student and not all students will benefit from the same strategies. Classroom Instruction That Works. 2.7k. Direct Instruction involves explicitly teaching a carefully sequenced curriculum. We are cautioned against using a narrow range or list of strategies. In education, louder than the call for innovation, engagement, thought, or self-direction is the call to be research-based. Hattie's meta -analysis of more than 800 meta- analyses has been recognized as a singular landmark in educational research and the single largest assembly of research in the world, which lead to the development of the Visible Learning concept. For example, when teaching prime numbers it would be useful to highlight: This helps to avoid confusion with odd numbers. In a nutshell, Hattie advises teachers to focus on: For a full and up-to-date list of Hattie’s influences on student achievement, visit Visible Learning Metax. International experts such as John Hattie and Robert Shaun is committed to bringing you practical advice based on solid research. He has piloted more than 30 million dollars in research grants, has published over 350 articles, 300 conference papers, twelve books and supervised close to 200 thesis students. When (what period) were Egypt’s great pyramids built? (2012). He advocates: Hattie confirmed that deductive processes are much more useful than inductive teaching (i.e. John Hattie talks about the impact of the teacher on their students, and their ability to teach their students to know their impact on themselves. This involves: See How to Give Feedback to Students: The Advanced Guide. Explore the high yield instructional strategies made famous by Hattie, Marzano and other theorists with a techno spin! John Hattie is a Professor of Education and Director of the Visible Learning Labs, University of Auckland, New Zealand. He found that: Hattie also highlighted that feedback is a two-way street. (2012). John Hattie picks up on the significance of multiple exposures. John Hattie. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. While most of us are familiar with Marzano's Nine High-Yield Strategies, we must also consider John Hattie's work, " Visible Learning." John Hattie and Robert Marzano have each conducted significant reviews of what works best in the classroom. Direct Instruction involves explicitly teaching a carefully sequenced curriculum. Take the guesswork out of strategic planning to find your "why" by employing teaching practices that are scientifically proven to work. It leads to students internalizing the wrong things. But, it is also essential to get them to actively engage with the content. It seems to this writer that differentiated instruction and high-yield strategies go hand in hand. John Hattie’s research on Visible Learning highlights the impact of using high-yield teaching strategies on student learning. They also agree that inter-group competition can increase the effect of cooperative learning even more. John Hattie developed a way of synthesizing various influences in different meta-analyses … They are all I was familiar with the ideas of Robert Marzano but John Hattie was new to me. Student results provide the basis for both feedback to: If you want students to internalize new information, you need to expose them to it several times. However, both agree that telling students what they need to know and showing students what they need to be able to do are essential aspects of teaching. Hattie’s Most Effective Instructional Strategies 8 Strategies Hattie and Marzano Agree On Marzano’s High-Yield Instructional Strategies Providing Formative Evaluation A Clear Focus for the Lesson Identifying Similarities and Differences Micro Teaching Offer Overt Instruction Summarizing and Note Taking Comprehensive Interventions for Spread the loveThere’s no doubt that teaching in high school is like no other kind of teaching. Marzano also found that you can explicitly teach deeper levels of understanding. References: Hattie, J. Learn more about high-yield strategies proven to increase student academic performance. Knowledge application also involves problem-solving. Hattie also highlighted the power of giving students worked examples. These are an excellent resource for schools who are looking to improve student capacity for learning and based on research that has shown their effectiveness. Hattie's effect sizes in ascending order are not recommendations, but rather a comprehensive synthesis of a huge amount of data. What actions will I need to do to ensure I achieve these goals? John Hattie assumes that strategies above 0.40, or 40%, are the most successful. As the use of high yield instructional strategies grows through instructional coaching, the social capital of schools increases. Saved from www2.k12albemarle.org. Shaun Killian is an experienced teacher and principal with a passion for helping students to excel. Home; Trending; Categories; Workshops; Advertise; Search. Hattie & Marzano both found that students’ self-efficacy had a substantial impact on how well they did at school. These strategies have been shown to produce positive results on student learning, but like all strategies, there are appropriate and inappropriate times to use them. Home Instructional Model. The instructional strategies researched to have the greatest effect on student learning long term i.e. Hattie also emphasized the importance of teaching students how to solve problems. The high impact teaching strategies (HITS) are 10 instructional practices that reliably increase student learning when they're applied. On a more cautious note, Hattie warned that practice without feedback could be dangerous. . In general, the research that Hattie reviewed revealed that the curriculum should be well-structured and systematically sequenced. Hattie’s Most Effective Instructional Strategies 8 Strategies Hattie and Marzano Agree On Marzano’s High-Yield Instructional Strategies Providing Formative Evaluation A Clear Focus for the Lesson Identifying Similarities and Differences Micro Teaching Offer Overt Instruction Summarizing and Note Taking Comprehensive Interventions for When spaced out over time, Hattie found that having students practice things led to a 26-percentile improvement in their marks. Students should compare, classify, and create metaphors, analogies and non- linguistic or graphic representations. He also found that curriculum matters too. You must teach students what they need to know and be able to do. It is vital that you give your students feedback after they engage with any new material. John Hattie has authored an exceptional work called Visible Learning: A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-Analyses Related to Achievement.He identifies the degree to which 138 educational strategies impact learning. These twenty strategies will keep you confident and in charge: The classroom Provide the rationale for assignments. Neither Hattie nor Marzano believes that great teaching is nothing more than standing out the front of the class and imparting knowledge. Robert Marzano explored ways to enhance students’ vocabulary. Using it to clarify some of the faulty assumptions they currently hold, Highlighting what is right and wrong, or good and bad about their work, Helping students to see how they can improve, Novice or struggling students need immediate feedback, More experienced and capable students do better when they receive delayed feedback, You on the impact your teaching is having, Teaching students how to think deductively, Believed they would master fractions were more likely to do so, Saw themselves as poor readers were less likely to improve their reading, Be genuine – i.e. Teachers no longer want to drive the class. He also stresses the merit of giving students time to practice doing the things they have learned to do. Visible Learning: A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-Analyses Relating to Achievement, Learning Strategies: A Synthesis and Conceptual Model, Meta-Analytic Synthesis of Studies Conducted at Marzano Research Laboratory on Instructional Strategies, Clarify what you want your students to learn, Can focus on surface or deep learning (or both), Must be challenging for the students relative to their current mastery of the topic, May be grouped (i.e. Desired effects are those above d=0.30 (Wiliam, Lee, Harrison, and Black 2004) and d=0.40 (Hattie, 1999) which are attributable to the specific interventions or methods being researched– changes beyond natural maturation or chance. Teachers spend a c How? Hattie, J. a single lesson may have more than one goal). (2009). A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-Analyses Relating to Achievement. Why? Robert Marzano, Debra Pickering & Jane Pollock. For example: Hattie suggests using questions in a slightly different way: How To Set Lesson Goals To Boost Student Achievement. However, when a problem is used to stimulate discovery learning, the opposite is true (d = 0.15). In fact, being research-based may even trump being data-based, the two twins of modern ed reform. Today, we all agree that the passive mode of teaching or rather lecture mode of teaching is passe. High Yield Strategies That Support Teaching and Learning This week we reviewed the work of two researchers, Robert Marzano and John Hattie. (2016). Marzano … Visible Learning: A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-Analyses Relating to Achievement. Saved by Melisa Mulder. John Hattie & Gregory Donoghue. Hattie and Marzano also found several ways for students to engage at a deeper level. Appendix E: High-Yield Instructional Strategies. Filed Under: Educational Articles, Old Favourites, Teaching Strategies, Copyright © 2020 Australian Society For Evidence Based Teaching, 8 Strategies Robert Marzano & John Hattie Agree On. (2008). We explain Marzano's High-Yield Instructional Strategies with video tutorials and quizzes, using our Many Ways ... John Hattie's Visible Learning confirms the effectiveness of Marzano's strategies. These include exploring relationships between things using: Marzano also recommends using analogies, such as: These are practical strategies that exemplify the higher levels of the SOLO taxonomy. I was familiar with the ideas of Robert Marzano but John Hattie was new to me. Students need to engage with the content as soon as they hear it by: When students are relatively unfamiliar with what you are teaching, engagement strategies include: Marzano also found getting them to work with physical manipulatives is helpful. Knowledge application is a deductive process. Marzano has even suggested we use the term "high-probability strategies" instead! Start studying Marzano's and Hattie's High Yield Strategies. Robert Marzano & Mark Haystead. When John Hattie released his 2009 book Visible Learning, he sparked an enormous amount of interest, debate and controversy. Self-efficacy refers to a student’s belief about their ability to successfully complete a task. Visible Learning means an enhanced role for teachers as they become evaluators of their own teaching. Home » Teaching Strategies » Hattie & His High Impact Strategies for Teachers, May 14, 2017 By Shaun Killian (MEd, MLead). And, he found that the simple act of asking students simple recall questions works well. At a more specific level, the research supported teaching: Hattie’s review of research did not support teaching perceptual motor programs. Here is a quick summary of their strategies. High Impact Teaching Strategies | 5 What are the High Impact Teaching Strategies (HITS)? Robert Marzano found that helping students apply their knowledge deepens their understanding. by TeachThought Staff. Marzano's High Yield Instructional Strategies -- great resource w/ more example activities. by TeachThought Staff. Robert Marzano & Debra Pickering. For further information, see 7 High-Impact Learning Strategies You Must Teach Your Students. Here is a quick summary of their strategies. Marzano's 9 High Yield Instructional Strategies . Why is Persuasive Essay A better than Persuasive Essay B? Marzano's 9 High Yield Instructional Strategies . John Hattie discovered that teachers are far more likely to have a large and positive impact if they: Are passionate about helping their students learn; Forge strong relationships with their students; Are clear about what they want their students to learn; Not afraid to be the sage on the stage; Adopt evidence-based teaching strategies 7 High-Impact Learning Strategies You Must Teach Your Students. And, it has built-in cumulative practice. Updated September 9, 2014 Today, we all agree that the passive mode of teaching or rather lecture mode of teaching is passe. By using graphic organisers. All these strategies are useful, but they only allow students to engage with the content at a surface level. As a high yield instructional strategy kids can simply learn from their peers and share ideas from a different voice other than the teacher. Dr. Hattie's study aggregated, correlated and ranked those factors that most improved learning outcomes. For example, a student may feel confident that they can dance well on stage but be insecure about public speaking. Concept mapping involves students in developing, “graphical representations or conceptual structure of the content to be learned”. Use of such strategies don't automatically guarantee success. If students haven’t gained enough mastery of the material, they cannot actively participate in cooperative learning tasks. This expansive synthesis concluded that: John Hattie discovered that teachers are far more likely to have a large and positive impact if they: According to the research that John Hattie collated and shared, teachers and schools should generally avoid: From analysing this vast collection of research, John Hattie concluded that learning is enhanced when: While John Hattie emphasised how you can have more impact by focusing on how you teach, that wasn’t the whole story. Show them how to do things they must be able to do for themselves. And, it has built-in cumulative practice. You need to: John Hattie did not review explicit teaching per se, but he did find that Direct Instruction was very effective. By distilling the teaching and learning strategies into a continuum of effectiveness for student achievement, John Hattie’s work brings us much closer to a pedagogy that can bring great benefits for both teachers and students. (2010). This is an alternative to Bloom that Hattie advocates. He talks about the critical importance of techniques such as rehearsal and review. Robert Marzano and John Hattie have both reviewed the research on which teaching strategies work best. A brief description of the strategy and examples are provided in each link to guide teacher planning and implementation. Delve into factors influencing student achievement alongside the best Google tools. Hattie agrees. Start studying Marzano's and Hattie's High Yield Strategies. Teachers can plan and adjust ... resources, including Hattie, Lemov, Marzano, and the Teaching and Learning Toolkit*, have used slightly different methodologies to measure effect size and identify HITS. Students who: Marzano found that you could build students’ self-efficacy through praise and expressing your belief that they can do well. Robert found that problem-solving had a significant effect (d = 0.54) on students’ understanding. These strategies have been shown to produce positive results on student learning, but like all strategies, there are appropriate and inappropriate times to use them. Learning Strategies: A Synthesis and Conceptual Model. Hattie’s Index Of Teaching & Learning Strategies: 39 Effect Sizes In Ascending Order. Home Teaching. John Hattie agreed with this but went further. Hattie and Marzano Crosswalk This document serves as a resource tool containing the high yield instructional strategies that are research based and shown to have the greatest impact on increasing student achievement. However, neither Marzano nor Hattie believes that cooperative learning should replace whole-class instruction. For an example of explicit teaching in context see the I Do, We Do, You Do model. You’re responsible for delivering in-depth, rigorous content while managing large class sizes and teenage emotions. Home » Educational Articles » 8 Strategies Robert Marzano & John Hattie Agree On, June 17, 2015 By Shaun Killian (MEd, MLead). only given when students have made a real improvement, Refer to specific accomplishments related to the task, Achieving genuine success influences self-efficacy. More specifically, you should use worked examples when explaining how to multi-step tasks. Marzano’s 9 Instructional Strategies For Teaching And Learning. High Yield Strategies to Use in My Classroom Robert Marzano researched and developed nine different High Yield strategies for teachers to use in their classrooms. Math "Tool Belt" (Read NCTM article .pdf 1pg) Develop ALL "math tools": Mental Math Strategies; Paper & Pencil Skills; Calculator Use (Estimation). Home; Trending; Categories; Workshops; Advertise; Menu. (Hattie, 2009, p. 168). High Yield Strategies That Support Teaching and Learning This week we reviewed the work of two researchers, Robert Marzano and John Hattie. Marzano has even suggested we use the term "high-probability strategies" instead! For example, you should use them to show steps, cause-effect, hierarchy, lists, comparisons, etc. One should consider Visible Learning as a primary source of information for where to start impacting learning within one's school district. Put another way, students apply general principles to specific case studies or problems. Marzano found that deductive thinking helps students to generalise their learning beyond the topic or task at hand. John Hattie’s research on Visible Learning highlights the impact of using high-yield teaching strategies on student learning. Marzano adds that if students are to master what they are being taught, they also need opportunities for individual practice and feedback. Marzano believes that problems should require students to apply previously learned knowledge and skills. (updated)]. Use of such strategies don't automatically guarantee success. Teach Like a Champion. What is the difference between elements and compounds? In turn, this sends a message that you believe that this is all they are capable of. That’s what you must know by the end of this lesson. Dec 24, 2015 - High Yield Strategies to Increase Student Achievement Resources. Updated September 9, 2014. More specifically, you should use worked examples when explaining how to multi-step tasks. … Home; About us; Our Services. We also talked about how you, as a teacher, can use these strategies in your classroom. Robert Marzano claims it is important to explicitly teach your students the things they need to learn. Old School Strategies (i.e. Hattie also highlighted the power of giving students worked examples. Marzano also highlights the importance of providing examples and non-examples of the concept you are teaching. Two additional high-yield visible learning strategies are concept mapping and behavior/advanced organizers. Marzano’s nine high-yield instructional strategies are summarized in the table that follows. ). We discussed what is Marzano's Instructional Strategies Model-- what are those nine high yield instructional strategies of Marzano's. Yet Hattie’s findings make more use of standardized tests. Despite their varied approaches and A rich data set for reflection and analysis results by focusing on the three key elements simultaneously. 10 Potent Behaviour Management Strategies, 10 Evidence-Based Teaching Strategies – The Core List, How to Make a Concept Map Easily – with Examples, Teacher Clarity: A Potent Yet Misunderstood Teaching Strategy, 7 High-Impact Learning Strategies You Must Teach…, PISA Update: Too Many Students Feel Like…, Growth Mindset vs Fixed Mindset: Does It…, Checking for Understanding Without Creating Mountains of Marking, Teaching for Conceptual Change: Fractions, New Teachers: 10 Things They Should Know Before Starting Day 1 In The Classroom, Copyright © 2020 Australian Society For Evidence Based Teaching, Hattie & His High Impact Strategies for Teachers, Some teaching practices have far more impact than others, Teachers can make a difference even in challenging circumstances, Most teaching practices have some degree of positive impact on learning, Some factors and practices have a negative impact on learning, Are passionate about helping their students learn, Forge strong relationships with their students, Are clear about what they want their students to learn, Teaching was focused on and responsive too students learning, Teachers are clear about what they want their students to learn and select teaching approaches accordingly, Teachers give meaningful feedback to their students, Knowledge and the vocabulary associated with it. 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