When detected, Ferdinand betrayed his associates, and grovelled to his parents. Much changed between Ferdinand's first and second reigns. In 1807 he was arrested by his father, who accused him of plotting his overthrow and the murder of his mother and Godoy. What provoked the revolt against Spanish King Ferdinand VII in 1820? The South American colonies were in revolt, the country was recovering from a horrifically En Stock Mot(s) exact(s) Dans le titre uniquement. Moreover, Napoleon hardly knew about Fernando until the incidents of El Escorial For Napoleon, Fernando was an enemy by the simple fact of being a Bourbon king. La France est occupée et très affaiblie, il faut faire en sorte qu’elle reste assez puissante malgré la volonté des vainqueurs de vous affaiblir. and the princess Maria Louisa of Parma. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Persuaded to meet Napoleon across the frontier in Bayonne, France, Ferdinand was immediately imprisoned. Les troupes françaises occupent Madrid, Napoléon convoque Ferdinand VII à la frontière et l'oblige à rendre la couronne à son père, qui la cède à Napoléon. Ferdinand VII at last became king and then proceeded to throw away (at least for a time) his throne. By the time Ferdinand came of age, the Spanish government was being run by his decadent mother and Ferdinand VII arrived on 27 March and asked Murat to get Napoleon's confirmation of his accession. While many in elite circles in Madrid were willing to … Piece 1 Escudo Or Ferdinand VII 1808 à 1820 - Pièce d'Or Colombie Indépendante - Numismatique, informations & valeurs. and Traditionalists, who distrusted modernist ideas, particularly regarding "reforms" of church A few days later he received an invitation from Napoleon to meet with him at Bayonne. INV# 1. Napoleon kept Ferdinand under guard in France for six years at the Château de Valençay in France until the Treaty of Valençay on December 11, 1813, provided for the restoration of Ferdinand as King of Spain. Site Sécurisé. Older brother of Napoleon who was crowned first, King of Naples, and then later, King of Spain. 19, 1808, after a popular revolution removed the favorite, M. Godoy, from power and forced Charles IV, Ferdinand VII’s father, to abdicate. Ferdinand imprisoned in France. The part of Spain which continued to resist French occupation remained loyal to Ferdinand VII and allied with Britain and Portugal to expel Napoleon's armies from Spain. promised to raise money for the central treasury, and were strongly backed by $148.75. Many of the liberal reforms weeks he rejected the constitution, and arrested dozens of liberal leaders. Ferdinand VII ( espagnol: Fernando; 14 octobre 1784-29 septembre 1833) était le roi d'Espagne du début au milieu du 19e siècle. Between 1808 and 1813, during the Napoleonic Wars, Ferdinand was imprisoned in France by Napoleon. Godoy and the royal family went to Aranjuez, planning to escape from Napoleon's clutches by going to the New World. Copyright © 2020 Heritage History. - Cliquez ici pour en savoir plus. When he refused, the French brought Charles, Maria Luisa, and Godoy to Bayonne in order to increase the pressure on him. In 1807 Napoleon sent troops through Spain to Portugal. Espagne : vous êtes le roi Ferdinand VII, chassé par Napoléon. Then Napoleon forced the abdication of Charles IV, and he briefly became king. Ferdinand VII at last became king and then proceeded to throw away (at least for a time) his throne. Signé, Napoléon. He became king briefly in 1808 after the French invasion of Spain forced the… Spanish throne. responsibilities. CHILI - FERDINAND VII 8 Escudos 1810 Santiago fwo_624684 Monde. as a result of the disputed succession. the Army. At first he When a popular riot at Aranjuez forced Charles IV to abdicate in March 1808, he ascended the throne but turned again to Napoleon, in the hope that the emperor would support him. Napoleon then placed his own brother, Joseph Bonaparte, on the throne. Napoleon kept Ferdinand under guard in France for six years at the Chateau of Valençay. Rejected the liberal Constitution of 1812. Ferdinand's fortunes underwent many reverses during the Napolonic era. Identifiez vos pièces de monnaie et retrouvez leur valeur sur BDOR, achat & vente de pièces d'or et d'argent. Free shipping. Although he had the advantage of excellent preceptors, especially the canon Escoiquiz, in his youth, yet the machinations of the notorious Godoy, minister of Spain, prevented him from enjoying any opportunities for the intelligent exercise of his faculties. Réponse de Ferdinand VII (24 novembre 1813) Sire, j’ai reçu, par le comte de Laforest, la lettre que V.M. Until the Napoleonic invasion of Spain in 1808, Ferdinand VII ruled as an absolutist monarch. the overthow of Napoleon's empire, he regained the crown. Français. $25.00 shipping. Napoleon then installed his reluctant brother, Joseph Bonaparte, as the new King of Spain. This drain on French resources led Napoleon, who had unwittingly provoked a total war, to call the conflict the “Spanish Ulcer.” The Spanish people continued to rally around the cause of “Ferdinand the Desired” who, imprisoned in France, became a national hero. In 1807 Napoleon sent troops through Spain to Portugal. the Queen, Godoy, Ferdinand and his brother Don Carlos fell all over themselves attempting Ferdinand VII Fernando VII: Portrait de Ferdinand VII d'Espagne. 14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) was twice King of Spain in 1808 and again from 1813 to his death. Enlarge . The conspiracy aimed at securing the help of the emperor Napoleon. Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte, Comte de Survilliers, (born Giuseppe di Buonaparte [Italian: [dʒuˈzɛppe di ˌbwɔnaˈparte]]; Spanish: José Napoleón Bonaparte; 7 January 1768 – 28 July 1844) was a French lawyer and diplomat, the older brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808, as Giuseppe I), and later King of Spain (1808–1813, as José I). Ascended the throne briefly after his father abdicated. Fils de Charles IV qui abdique en sa faveur (mars 1808), il est contraint par Napoléon (entrevue de Bayonne) de restituer à son père sa couronne qui est donnée par l'Empereur à son frère Joseph (mai 1808). what if Charles IV and his son Ferdinand VII of Spain had not give in to napoleon pressure and abdicated in favor of Napoleon and instead decided to stand up against Napoleons pressure avoiding being captured by Napoleon in 1808,what effect would that have on the peninsular war and the Spanish colonies in America? But still his fortunes During the first years of Ferdinand's reign, the one thing that both conservatives Bonaparte's forces had not come to Spain to support Fernando VII at all, but he maintained the illusion that this was true until he had no choice but to change his mind. Arrested for plotting against to overthrow his parents from the throne. Given the enormous financial dislocations The ousted King, having appealed to Napoleon for help in regaining his throne, was summoned before Napoleon … his position on political matters throughout his reign, but he consistently arrested, In 1808 Napoleon made Joseph king of Spain after obtaining the abdication of Charles IV and his son Ferdinand VII; in Naples, Joseph was replaced with Marshal Joachim Murat, who was married to Napoleon's sister Caroline. Ferdinand VII was king of Spain during the critical years following the Napoleonic Wars. 14th Oct., 1784, was the son of king Charles IV. Napoleon forced Ferdinand's abdication as well as the renunciation of his father Charles IV 's rights, and then placed his brother Joseph Bonaparte on the throne of Spain. Born at Madrid on October 14th 1784, he was the son of King Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Parma. Loss Spanish control of most of South American. In the spring of 1808, however, Spain was occupied by the French, and Napoleon I, taking advantage of the dissension within the royal family, succeeded in forcing Ferdinand VII to abdicate on May 10. NGC MS65 Valencia KM 453.2. Occupied by Napoleon from 1808 to 1814, a massively destructive " war of independence " ensued, driven by an emergent Spanish nationalism. Napoleon, after his crushing defeat at Leipzig (October 16–19, 1813), recognized the impossibility of retaining his hold on Spain and released Ferdinand, who had been detained by the French at Valençay since his abdication in 1808. From the earliest years he manifested a strong dislike to the favorite Godoy, who ruled both the king and queen; and in 1807 was arrested as a conspirator. Notorious bourbon Queen of Charles IV, who promoted her incompetent favorite Godoy to prime minister. led to the civil war of 1820-23, which ended when France intervened on behalf When Fernando r… Ferdinand VII was king of Spain during the critical years following the Napoleonic Wars. of Ferdinand. Grandson to Spain’s most awesome king Charles III, Ferdinand VII, was without a shadow of a doubt Spain’s worst ever king. Ferdinand VII of Spain. There, the French emperor asked him to abandon the throne. Ferdinand was the eldest son of Charles IV of Spain, and his appalling wife Maria Luisa of Parma. In 1813, Napoleon reinstated him as Ferdinand VII. 19, 1808, after a popular revolution removed the favorite, M. Godoy, from power and forced Charles IV, Ferdinand VII’s father, to abdicate. Ferdinand's father, Charles IV, had been killed in the beginning of the French invasion of Spain, so Ferdinand assumed the throne. Queen regent of Spain who championed the cause of her daughter Isabella II against the Carlists. Celui-ci, en échange, conclut la paix avec la France, se proclame neutre pour le … You are here: Napoleon & Empire > Personalities > Notabilities > ⊙ Ferdinand VII - King of Spain - Napoleon & Empire A short biography (with portrait) of Ferdinand VII of Spain (1784-1833), King of Spain in 1808 and from 1814 to 1833. Riego est pendu (1823), ainsi que de nombreuses autres personnes. Il était connu de ses partisans sous le nom de el Deseado (le Désiré) et de ses détracteurs sous le nom de el Rey Felón (le roi Felon). Wellington et un corps expéditionnaire anglais débarquent au Portugal le 1er août. Je lui témoigne ma reconnaissance de ce qu’elle pense faire cesser, par mon intermédiaire, les troubles d’Espagne. This drain on French resources led Napoleon, who had unwittingly provoked a total war, to call the conflict the “Spanish Ulcer.” The Spanish people continued to rally around the cause of “Ferdinand the Desired” who, imprisoned in France, became a national hero. Ferdinand VII ( espagnol: Fernando; 14 octobre 1784 - 29 septembre 1833) fut deux fois roi d'Espagne: en 1808 et de nouveau de 1813 à sa mort.Il était connu de ses partisans comme le Désiré ( el Deseado) et de ses détracteurs comme le Roi Felon ( el Rey Felón).Après avoir été renversé par Napoléon en 1808, il a lié sa monarchie à la contre-révolution et aux politiques. Liberal Revolt in the army causes Ferdinand to go into exile. rise of San Martin and Bolivar in South America. Born to Charles IV, a Bourbon king of Spain, and his wife, Maria Louisa of Parma. however, the French invaded Spain, and he was captured and imprisoned in France. Château de la Loire Château Emprisonnement Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand Napoléon Ier Ferdinand VII d'Espagne Château de Valençay. $80.00. properties, and mandated taxation of formerly autonomous regions. Ferdinand VII (14 October 1784 - 1 January 1830) was the King of Spain in 1808 and later King of Mexico from 1825 - 1829. When his father's abdication was extorted by a popular riot at Aranjuez in March 1808, he ascended the throne -- not to lead his people manfully, but to throw himself into the hands of Napoleon, in the fatuous hope that the emperor would support him. Already the French emperor had offered the throne of Spain to his brother Joseph, and Joseph had accepted it. Immediately afterwards, on May 6, 1808, Napoleon forced King Ferdinand VII to abdicate. The eldest son of Charles IV, king of Spain, and of his wife Maria Louisa of Parma, he was born in … Excluded from a role in the government, he became the center of intrigues against the chief minister Godoy and attempted to win the support of Napoleon I. Ferdinand VII (Spanish: Fernando; 14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) was the King of Spain during the early- to mid-19th century. A la fin de cette année là, Napoléon, aux prises avec des difficultés grandissantes, accepte, par le traité de Valençay (11 décembre 1813), de reconnaître à nouveau Ferdinand VII comme roi d'Espagne. During the period of French occupation, the Liberals drafted the 1812 Constitution, which greatly limited the king's powers. Bourbon France intervenes, conquers the Cadiz, and restores Ferdinand. Après avoir servi Napoléon, vous vous mettez au service de Louis XVIII. 1811-V SG AR 4 Reales. By this time Napoleon had decided to unseat the Spanish Bourbons, and early in 1808 French troops began to occupy the main cities of Spain. The people were denied their civil rights $895.00. Restored to the throne with help of British allies. Détrôné, Ferdinand ! Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. He was executed by the Mexican Republican Army on January 1, 1830. While the upper echelons of the Spanish government accepted his abdication and Napoleon's choice of his brother Joseph Bonaparte a… Et le titre qui va avec : il se fait faire duc de Valençay en 1817 ! On March 24 Ferdinand made his triumphal entry into Madrid, which had been occupied on the previous day by a large French force commanded by Gen. Murat. The country was sharply divided between Liberals, who supported a constitutional government, and Traditionalists, who distrusted modernist ideas, particularly regarding "reforms" of church property. destructive war, the government had been in the hands of foreigners for over seven years, An honorable, principled, and moderate leader was would have He died in 1833, and soon after, the Carlist Wars broke out VOTRE SITE CGB CONTINUE À VOUS LIVRER ! Charles IV, however, was persuaded to protest his abdication to Napoleon, who summoned the royal family, both kings included, to Bayonne in France. In March 1814 Ferdinand VII returned to Spain and the throne. at every level of government. When he refused, the French brought Charles, Maria Luisa, and Godoy to Bayonne in order to increase the pressure on him. Brother of Ferdinand VII and rival claimant to the Spanish throne who initiated the Carlist Wars. His counselors warned him not to go, but he decided to do it anyway. Persuaded to meet Napoleon across the frontier in Bayonne, France, Ferdinand was immediately imprisoned. Ce dernier nomme son frère Joseph Bonaparte roi d'Espagne et retient Ferdinand prisonnier en France pendant toute la durée de la guerre. Persuaded to meet Napoleon across the frontier in Bayonne, France, Ferdinand was immediately imprisoned. An exile in France since 1808, Ferdinand VII returned to Spain in 1814 after the collapse of French rule in that country. Ferdinand VII Ferdinand VII Ferdinand VII (Escorial 1784-Madrid 1833), roi d'Espagne (1808 et 1814-1833). The Napoleonic invasion and period after the restoration In 1808, when Goya was at the height of his official career, Charles IV and his son Ferdinand were forced to abdicate in quick succession, Napoleon’s armies entered Spain, and Napoleon’s brother Joseph was placed on the throne. He was in his turn forced to abdicate on 6 May 1808 and Ferdinand effectively had given the throne to Napoleon. Ferdinand VII reigned for a brief period and abdicated the throne on 6 May 1808. Crowned himself Emperor and restored France to greatness. French Emperor Napoleon kept Ferdinand VII of Spain under guard in France for six years at the Chateau of Valencay. In 1807 Napoleon sent troops through Spain to Portugal. the treasury was nearly bankrupt, and a new constitution which radically reordered the government Fernando VII saw this as the perfect opportunity to arrest the dictator Godoy, thinking that the French troops would support him. Yet Spain's ability to hold onto its colonies was severely Français. In 1808, both King Ferdinand VII and his predecessor and father, Charles IV, had resigned their claims to the throne in favor of Napoleon Bonaparte, who in turn passed the crown to his brother Joseph. Les meilleures offres pour PIECE 8 MARAVÉDIS FERDINAND VII 1815 (703) ESPAGNE sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et d'occasion Pleins d'articles en … Some of the add-ons on this site are powered by, Alternate History Discussion: Before 1900. After the arrest of Godoy, Napoleon invited him to Bayonne to meet him. The emperor Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Spain in 1808, imprisoned King Ferdinand VII, and put his brother Joseph Bonaparte on the Spanish throne, infuriating most of Spanish America. Napoléon & Empire. 1784 1833, king of Spain 1808, 1814 33. Ferdinand VII, 1784–1833, king of Spain (1808–33), son of Charles IV and María Luisa.Excluded from a role in the government, he became the center of intrigues against the chief minister Godoy and attempted to win the support of Napoleon I. Ferdinand took the throne as Ferdinand VII, but was mistrusted by Napoleon, who had 100,000 soldiers stationed in Spain by that time due to the ongoing War of the Third Coalition. so much that he sought safety France. Spanish Cortes (the legislative body), was controled by Napoleonic liberals, and they In nearby France, the Bourbon monarchs had been overthrown by a When Charles IV abdicated in favour of his son Ferdinand VII, Napoleon, seeing the opportunity to rid Europe of its last Bourbon rulers, summoned the Spanish royal family to Bayonne in April 1808 and obtained the abdication of both Charles and Ferdinand; they were interned in Talleyrand’s château. Talleyrand achète le château en 1805. exiled, and persecuted his opponents. France : vous êtes Talleyrand. Meeting of the Great Powers of Europe following the defeat of Napoleon; purpose was to reestablish the old order to Europe contrary to the national demarcations. had difficulty ruling well during the age, and Ferdinand was none of the above. By the time of his restoration, the loss of revenue from the American colonies From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. to ingratiate themselves the emperor, and at the same time plotted against each other. While his subjects suffered terribly, this slug of a man managed to slither unscathed in and out of Napoleon’s conquest of Spain agreeing to whatever was asked of him in exchange for a gilded imprisonment in a French palace. Malgré les abdications forcées de Charles IV et de Ferdinand VII à Bayonne, en présence de Napoléon, les Français assistent à un soulèvement général en Espagne et sont battus à Bailen le 22 juillet : ils perdent Madrid. Deutsch … Ferdinand VII at last became king and then proceeded to throw away (at least for a time) his throne. who had opposed him during the war, and had hundreds of his political opponents inherent in the proposed liberal reforms, combined with Ferdinand's paranoid, yet overrode regional laws, centralized government, provided for the confiscation of church SPAIN Ferdinand VII. conspired with liberal intriguers against his father, but was caught and imprisoned. Ferdinand married four times: Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily; Credit – Wikipedia // Notre comptoir parisien est ouvert au click and collect. became increasingly under her influence, and had changed the Salic laws so that Although tyrannical by nature, Ferdinand was at the same time, unprincipled. He reigned over the Spanish Kingdom in 1808 and again from 1813 to his death in 1833. Ferdinand VII ascended to the throne on Mar. After Ferdinand still believed that Napoleon was his friend, and in spite of the warnings of Escoiquiz and others he traveled to Bayonne, where he was shocked by Napoleon's demand that he abdicate. His fourth wife, Maria Cristina, was particularly open to a liberal executed. American colonies. The war would be much of a back and forth, till from 1812-1813 Allied victories at Salamanca and Vitoria meant the defeat of the Bonapartist régime and the expulsion of Napoleon's troops. Joseph Bonaparte is named King of Spain. During the war years, the PDF | espanolPara Napoleon, Fernando era un enemigo por el mero hecho de ser un Borbon. * * * Spanish Fernando born Oct. 14, 1784, El Escorial, Spain died Sept. 29, 1833, Madrid King of Spain (1808, 1813–33). Spanish America questioned if it should remain loyal to the Spanish throne with the French brother of Napoleon on it. her notorious lover, Godoy, while his slothful father ignored both family and government In 1820 a rebellion broke out within the army which alarmed Ferdinand Surrounding himself with a camarilla, he proceeded to undo the accomplishments of the Spanish Revolution of … Ferdinand VII signe un manifeste dans lequel il promet l’amnistie, mais, en fait, la réaction absolutiste (1823-1833) est plus violente que celle de 1814. continued to turn. RARE SILVER 8 REALES FERDINAND VII 1810 MEXICO CONTEMPORARY COUNTERMARK HONDURAS. He was known to his supporters as el Deseado (the Desired) and to his detractors as el Rey Felón (the Felon King). Ferdinand VII Ferdinand VII, 1784–1833, king of Spain (1808–33), son of Charles IV and María Luisa. JavaScript is disabled. Ferdinand still believed that Napoleon was his friend, and in spite of the warnings of Escoiquiz and others he traveled to Bayonne, where he was shocked by Napole… Then deposed and arrested by Napoleon. Ferdinand still believed that Napoleon was his friend, and in spite of the warnings of Escoiquiz and others he traveled to Bayonne, where he was shocked by Napoleon's demand that he abdicate. property. m’a fait l’honneur de m’adresser le 12 de ce mois. It may not display this or other websites correctly. V.M.I. In his customary fashion, Ferdinand revenged himself on those Ferdinand After their marriage, Ferdinand Victorious general who rose to power during the French Revolution. equivocal tendencies, intrigues, conspiracies, treachery, and corruption abounded Ferdinand VII of Spain (1784-1833) King of Spain in 1808, later from 1814 to 1833. country was sharply divided between Liberals, who supported a constitutional government, Ferdinand changed For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Lui qui voulait avoir une belle demeure pour recevoir ses hôtes de marque, il va être content ! forced Ferdinand to accept some of the revenue producing reforms of the Liberals. In 1813, Napoleon reinstated him as Ferdinand VII. You are using an out of date browser. This, however, did not happen until Napoleon was nearly defeated by the allied powers several months later. French reign . would be next. Spain was divided between the liberal ideas that were associated with revolutionary France and the reaction that followed as personified by the rule of Ferdinand VII. revolutionary government, and the degenerate Bourbons of Spain were terrified that they In 1808 Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Spain to end the government of the Bourbon kings. He supported Napoleon and remained under France’s guard at the Château de Valençay for … Blamed for fall of the Bourbon monarchy by acquiescing to Napoleon. had been ratified by the Cortes. Ferdinand VII, byname Ferdinand the Desired, Spanish Fernando el Deseado, (born October 14, 1784, El Escorial, Spain—died September 29, 1833, Madrid), king of Spain in 1808 and from 1814 to 1833. Ferdinand VII (Spanish language: Fernando VII de Borbón. Junot doit capituler à Cintra le 30 août. Vous souhaitez retrouver votre trône et vos privilèges. When detected, Ferdinand betrayed his associates, and grovelled to his parents. 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