Pregnancy & Babies They mate seasonally based upon the light cycle. Weaning occurs at 6 to 8 weeks of age. Breeding season is mainly during November and May, however, they may breed at any time of the year. The female chinchilla's gestation period is 110 to 124 days. Chins come into heat around the time of birth. Whether or not those were related I don't know, as they got out of breeding. Chinchillas have up to 4 kits per litter (2 is usual) and may have 1 to 3 litters per year. Tends to weigh around 600g, and is generally wedge shaped. Information on breeding Chinchillas. Estrus. In the fall and winter it could be up to 90 days depending on your light source. Female chinchilla is dominant by nature compared to male counterparts. They mate seasonally based upon the light cycle. This site uses affiliate links and may earn a commission from qualifying purchases. Mating usually takes place at night, but often it also can be observed in the evening or the early morning hours. Chinchillas have a long pregnancy and the gestation period is around 110 days. Thinking about breeding? They have good sexual desire and breeding ability all year round. Litter sizes tend to run in family lines, but can also be determined by health and bodyweight. Chinchillas Can Breed at Any Time and Often Have More Than One Baby at a Time. They aren't terribly talented, and like to shoot up to the top and let go. This is big enough to fit the flat of your thumb in, for someone with smaller hands. Chinchillas become sexually mature when they are around eight months old. If you go with runs and don't want a breed back, you'll need to close dad off a couple weeks before the kits are born. They are slightly larger and more robust than ground squirrels, and are native to the Andes mountains in South America. Litter size is small with usually only two babies born, but there can be as many as six. It is commonly noticed that a female that produces 3-4 offspring, when bred with a male out of a high producing line, will throw offspring that produce well, and visa versa with large, single-littering females. Chinchillas become sexually mature when they are around eight months old. 23. The smaller, narrower chinchillas have been known to have up to six and seven kits. The most suitable season for reproduction of chinchillas may be from January to April, and a summer anoestrous seems to be present in August to early September as reported by Weir." Things that make a good environment are; consistency in temperature, feeding, cleaning, watering, no sudden noises, good air circulation and cool (60 degrees). Males should be placed into breeding when they are approximately 7 or 8 months old. In my experience, a breeding herd breeds more consistently when kept between 52 and 68 degrees. It is a good idea to check the pelvis size on females. Sexing Chinchillas are seasonally polyestrous. If the female does not give birth, she may reabsorb the kits and be at a high risk of infection. Rabbit style breeding cages where the mesh is smaller on the bottom and larger on the top are not good. Here you will find information on chinchilla breeding and where to find a chinchilla. Whatever you chose, I recommend it be no taller than 18" for kits as they can climb the day they are born. Wild chinchillas live in colonies that can have up to several hundred members. If you want him to breed mom right away you will need to close him off 4-5 days afterwards or the kits may get into the runs and be killed by another female. The female first needs to eject a plug in their vagina, known as the Oestrus Plug before she can come into season or mate. Silverfall Chinchilla’s Chin-Cross Calculator (Back to Home Page/Instructions) (Generic Punnett Square Calculator) Describe the chinchillas you would like to breed: If you've got a close knit colony, all of the females tend to give birth together and will take turns caring for the kits. Gestation; It should be at least a dime in width, and a dime and a half in length. Chinchillas have been hunted mercilessly for their dense, soft fur, which has been prized in fashion. After they are weaned, the young chinchillas are ready to be moved to a new home. A mother is very protective of her kits and can be aggressive toward those that threaten her babies. Some 2-4 days before, others up to 13 days afterwards. Anim. The majority of chinchillas stick to this ‘schedule’, while some which are especially fertile can reproduce throughout the year. With colony breeding, you'll need to watch them carefully. If you have a male, he will be aroused when she is in season. Birth usually occurs in the morning and the babies, known as kits, are born a few minutes apart. Following what often becomes an all night romp you will often find bunches of fur and perhaps the “mating plug”. This isn't to say you can't keep a pair in a high traffic area, like your kitchen, we did. To check the pelvis size, you hold the chinchilla by the base of the tail, with your thumb on the bottom facing the uterus. Also, if your female has a plug at her vagina, it will fall out when she is in season. Chinchillas Reach Their Sexual Maturity at 8-Months Old 24. Es ist auch absolut nicht ratsam zwei Tiere miteinander zu verpaaren, deren Familien Sie nicht kennen. It has a similar body size to a dwarf rabbit, as well as many of its nature. If it is spring, a female will come in 30 days after having kits. The spacing on the cage wire needs to be 1" x 1/2" or smaller. If you use a natural light source females generally will not breed between the months of October and December. The breeding season is mostly from November to May in the Northern Hemisphere and from May to November in the Southern Hemisphere. They will be restless, urinate more frequently, and scratch the bedding. Chinchillas can also tell their owner to leave them alone. Most females mature at about 7 months of age and may be put into breeding at this time. Chinchillas do get into season, and females get into heat starting at 5 months of age. firstname.lastname@example.org, Growth and Reproduction of the Chinchilla. They have been hunted for human apparel since the early 1900s. People want as big as possible; 800, 900, and 1,000+ gram animals. Please ask for permission before using photos or information from this site. Photographs of a chinchilla kit from 1 hour old to 100 days old Litter Sizes; Litters range between one and seven kits, with two to three being the norm. I have photos of an 880g Tov violet female in the colors section. Approximately 30 percent of chins behave in this manner, with the mother often passing the trait on to her offspring. It is located in the chinchilla’s anus. Chinchillas may chew their fur or the fur of other chinchillas for a variety of reasons, including stress, malnutrition, boredom, overactive hormones or an uncomfortable environment. The second issue is that the female will often attack the male when they are in season to prevent mating. A chinchilla’s gestation period is 111 days. A good breeding animal should be over 650g and have clear, dense fur. BABY'S BIRTH! A fellow breeder regularly had births between 60 and 80g, but also had a high kit mortality rate. Chins exert a lot of energy to keep themselves cool, and I have seen them regulate a 12" x 10" box to 75 when the outside temperature is 85 or more. Occasionally you will get two large kits and one really small (20g range). © Sunset Chinchillas 1998 - 2020 The chinchilla is a small mammal native to South America. When the female is receptive to mating, the male initiates by … Chinchillas are either of two species (Chinchilla chinchilla and Chinchilla lanigera) of crepuscular rodents of the parvorder Caviomorpha. Male chinchilla makes a loud, grunting mating call at two apprehensive females. They are always ready to breed and have a much longer gestation period than most animals their size. Chins do not like the same company you do; new visitors, new smells, new noises... they can adjust, but it takes a month or more. I've never had a room get cooler than 52, but I imagine you would need to start providing heated nesting boxes to keep the babies from freezing when born. There's so much to learn! Chinchillas can have from 1 to 6 kits in a litter although more then 3 is unusual. They are also aggressive toward male chinchillas during mating season. The babies are cute, but don't count on being able to sell them. The kits are born with fur and open eyes and should be able to walk within an hour of birth. Chinchillas are matriarchal, and the females are often aggressive toward each other. Most chinchillas ovulate spontaneously, but they will also ovulate in response to being mated. If your lights are on a timer (I set mine for 12 hours), chins will breed year round. The distance between the urethral opening and anus is much further apart with males compared to females. Annoyed or angry chinchillas may release their scent gland. This is different to many other animals which only start breeding when spring arrives, and through into the summer. Kit Size; They tend to lose bodyweight doing this, and need a higher caloric intake. Because the seasons are different in the southern hemisphere, the winter months run from June to September and spring comes after. Litters range between one and seven kits, with two to three being the norm. They did not often battle within the breeding and mating season. Well over 100 chinchilla pelts are needed for a single fur coat. Ignoring this behavior can have unpleasant consequences. In some instances a female chinchilla will produce a “mating plug” – essentially a small dry white object emitted after successful reproduction. Some colors tend to run small, extra-dark ebonies/ebony crosses, sapphire blends, and violets, though I have seen a huge upturn in violet size the last couple years. It is desirable for them to "look like a brick" from the top down, but overall, shape will be overlooked for clarity, color and density. This is a waxy plug, larger then the “estrus plug”, about 1 1/2 inches long. If your lights are on a timer (I set mine for 12 hours), chins will breed year round. In general, the larger, (fatter), blocky-type chins tend to only have one kit per litter, rarely two. Chinchillas are nocturnal animals and make their home by taking shelter in tiny rock crevasses or burrowing into the ground and creating a network of underground tunnels. First-time owners should not breed these animals. If a female takes during a breed back, she can have up to 3 litters a year. This can be a scary fact to know as a pet parent as Chinchillas don’t actually have a mating season. Sudden bursts of heat when kept at cooler temperatures will cause heat stroke. Females have a small slit opening and no patch of bare skin. Located in San Antonio, Texas. There are two styles of housing, runs and colony cages. She is an excellent parent who supplies the young chinchillas with milk, warmth, and protection. Their mating season is between November and May in the northern hemisphere. Birth Weight. My births have ranged between 28g and 68g, with the average being 48.2g. Many people like to keep chins in a bedroom in the house, but forget that houses make a lot of strange noises. Note that the animals had been acclimated to the slowly rising temperatures all spring. You will notice the female is very sickly during this time. In the last few years, big, blocky animals have become the rage. If you have a very stable environment and change one of those things you will notice a weight drop, or they will go off of feed immediately. Below is text quoted from Growth and Reproduction of the Chinchilla by Jikken Dobutsu; "Eighty-one out of 123 litters were born between March and August during 3 years, and parturition never occurs in December. Females will fight over the kits or get aggressive towards anything and everything if the male tries to breed them too. Behav ., 1968,16,45-53 MATING BEHAVIOUR IN THE CHINCHILLA BY GIORGIO BIGNAMI* & FRANK A . Induced ovulators are animals that ovulate in response to mating. Too much, and it will build up in the vaginal tract and make birthing difficult, or the female will never take. Above 70, females will still breed, but will be in much poorer body condition. Environment plays a huge factor in the health and well being of your herd. Size tends to be related to litter quantity. Routine Health Care for Chinchillas The first is that the chinchillas will breed, and you should only breed chinchillas if you have good knowledge of chinchillas. Both male and female chinchillas reach sexual maturity at 8 months old. Zwischen den einzelnenWürfen sollte ein mindest Abstand von 5 - 6 Monaten liegen, damit das Weibchen sichvon der anstrengenden Schwangerschaft, Geburt und Aufzucht erholen kann und einHöchstabstand von 12 Monaten. Temperature; The smaller ones tend to die in the first few days. Around 1900, Chile exported about 500,000 chinchilla skins each year. The Pelvis The Average Chinchilla; I have heard of one born at 112g, and that was from the 1133g chinchilla mentioned below. The female chinchilla may need some time to ease into breeding and will come into season every 30-40 days. *Growth and Reproduction of the Chinchilla courtesy of PubMed. Housing; Males have a patch of bare skin between the anus and urethral opening. The most suitable season for reproduction of chinchillas may be from January to April, and a summer anoestrous seems to be present in August to early September as reported by Weir." Some males can be good fathers, but others can be aggressive to the kits and even try to kill them. After a month, the full sized kits are down to quarter sized, and are completely gone by 3 months. The kits are born with their eyes open, covered in fur, and weigh around 2 ounces. Chinchillas, however, rarely fight each other. Babies will eat solid food after about a week, but are still dependent on their mother and her milk for up to 8 weeks. Average is around 111, mine have varied depending on how many kits are being carried and the stress level of the mother. Copyright © 2020 chinchillacare.orgContact Us • Privacy • Copyright. Average is 5-10 minutes between kits, but I have seen them born much more quickly, and several hours apart. Any warmer and the litters drop off. They remained active and alert at night, even when the temperatures were still in the 80's. Females will give birth between 106 and 118 days from the time of fertilization. Originally found in the Andes Mountains of Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina, chinchillas were hunted and trapped for their pelts to near extinction in the early 1900s. A poor environment will produce fewer kits and the chinchillas will be in poor body condition. Although chinchillas are a relatively quiet animal, they do have their own language that they use to communicate with other chinchillas, other animals, and humans. (Examples include cats, ferrets, and rabbits.) Nach maximal 5 Würfen sollte ein Chinc… Chinchillas are unusual in that they are a blend of both. Too little body fat, and the female will not ovulate. Reasons for these sounds vary as do the sounds themselves. The average weight of a newborn chinchilla is 30 – 60 grams (1 – 2 ounces). Chinchillas should be placed into breeding before they turn 2 years old for optimum ability to breed. I see radios in every herd I've visited; this is to partially down out the outside noise, and get chinchillas used to noises that humans make. Multiple quick matings may occur over a period of time. Mating, gestation period and new-born kits. Injury is possible, so mating chinchillas should be supervised for their safety. Sometimes the female can become aggressive and attack the male. If they do not wish to be picked up, they will often push against the owner’s had with their front paws. The average litter size is between 1 – 6 young, called Kits. Occasionally a fetus is retained; those will usually pass within a week and you will find them in the cage. These may be up to an inch or so in length, and if found on the cage floor are a positive sign. Sie müssen wissen, welche Farbe die Eltern- und möglichst auch die Großelterntiere hatten, um die Vererbung des Letalfaktorszu verhindern! You may find a hard, dime-sized ball after she has given birth; this is a partially reabsorbed fetus. Chinchilla Breeding. It can take a few minutes to several hours for a chinchilla to give birth once she starts contracting. The female gestation period is quite long compared to other rodents, lasting around 111 days. On rare occasions, the female never goes into labor, and will have a constant cycle of getting pregnant and reabsorbing kits. Breed backs and estrus; They got used to the things we did and liked to watch us go about our lives. Breeding & Mating There is no obvious seasonal variation in the reproductive organs of the male chinchilla. As noted above in the litter size section, larger animals tend not to produce as well as the smaller animals, and therefore tend to be harder to find. Baby birth weight varies drastically. They live in colonies called "herds" at high elevations of up to 4,270 m (14,000 ft). Wild chinchilla mating season is during the winter months through to late spring. They are active and can run and play from birth. Litter Sizes; http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-n-N6UwrDpkFay and Geek finally are a couple! Chinchillas are matriarchal animals, which means, females, dominating family culture. Most have fans to circulate the air, and feed and clean on a regimented schedule. In the northern hemisphere, mating season takes place from about November until May. Chinchillas are now endangered in the wild and are only found in the mountains of northern Chile. my two chinchillas Molly and Chinny trying to start a new family Why? Some examples of sounds that chinchillas make include making contact with other chinchillas, baby sounds, mating, anger, and warning calls. She may be in heat for 28-35 days. The smallest adult I've owned was 390g at adult weight, largest was 1,133g. Parturition; This can start some bloody fights, even in colonies that have been together for a long time. During mating season… :D The 3 chins are living happily and healthily :) They did not like changes outside of our routines, like guests, dogs, children, or noisy new things. In the southern hemisphere, mating instead takes place between May and November (the opposite). That said, I recommend keeping your chinchilla below 75 degrees at all times. While chinchillas do have 6 nipples it is very difficult for them to raise any more then 4 kits so you may have to learn a bit about hand rearing. The female will then be capable of breeding again. Many people think this is an easy decision, but they end up regretting it. Generally you will see kits born 2-6g apart in weight, for example; 45g, 48g, 52g. The kits weigh 30 – 60 grams at birth and because of the length of the gestation period, they are born with fur an… When the female is receptive to mating, the male initiates by grooming the female and will attempt to mount her. Female chinchillas enter into estrous which lasts around 30 – 50 days. It isn't uncommon for kits to be trampled to death during a breed back, many breeders place soup cans on their sides in the cage for the kits to get into. Environment; To sex a chinchilla, hold it belly up and check by the anus. Chinchilla pelt is considered by some to be the most valuable pelt in the world In the northern hemisphere, mating season takes place from about November until May. They will still climb and get through the holes at the top.
2020 chinchilla mating season